Los Letreros Caves
Declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1998
Los Vélez, known as the “Puerto Oriental de Andalucia” has always been a stepping stone between the East and the South of the Iberian Peninsula.
The area was an important nucleus of population in prehistoric times. Its mountains, forests, springs, plains and particularly it’s natural resources and biodiversity attracted inhabitants to the area more than 18,000 years ago.
The oldest signs of prehistoric life are testified by the numerous archaeological remains from Paleolithic and Neolithic times that have been excavated from the many sites in the area, including ‘Cueva Ambrosie’, ‘Cueva del Gabar’, ‘Cerro de las Canteras’ and ‘Cuevas de los Letreros’.
Of the 79 examples of cave paintings found in the province of Almeria, 25 are in the region of Los Vélez.
El Brujo (the wizard) and El Indalo, named in honour of San Indalecio, who brought Catholicism to the South-Eastern part of the Peninsula, are the best known cave paintings in the area.
El Brujo was discovered in Los Letreros caves and has become the symbol of the town of Vélez Blanco.
The Indalo, whose Iberian name “Indal Eccius”, means messenger of the Gods, has become the symbol of Almeria and appears on many products and publications.
The Indalo is present in many logos, names of companies or stores. The best-known example is the coat of arms of the Almería Football Club which is based on an Indalo.
The origin of the Indalo is usually attributed to the Los Letreros caves, however it was discovered in the nearby Las Colmenas caves.
There are guided visits to the caves on Wednesdays, Sundays and Feast Days (Bank Holidays).